Neuropsychologist giving a consultation inside of Brooks

Cognitive Rehabilitation

Medical Reviewers: Sarah Lahey, PhD, ABPP-CN; Laura Ziegler, MHS, CCC-SLP, CBIS
Last Updated: April 9, 2024

What is cognitive rehabilitation?

Cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) is a broad term that describes treatments used to treat cognitive, or thinking, problems that can happen after an injury or illness.

What conditions does cognitive rehabilitation help treat?

Many medical issues, such as traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, concussion, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), or dementia can cause cognitive difficulties.

These difficulties may involve memory, attention, social behavior, safety judgment, and planning and carrying out future actions. They affect a person’s ability to care for themselves, keep appointments, complete tasks, or interact with people appropriately. At stake is the person’s ability to succeed at work, school, or home.

What treatments are used?

There is no single approach to CRT. It may involve several experts working together to make a comprehensive plan to restore as much function as possible, or it may be just one therapist working with the individual. In general, two broad approaches are used:

Restorative CRT: Reinstating or strengthening the functions a person either has lost or continues to find challenging.

Compensation CRT: Training the use of strategies (e.g. devices, calendar, alarms) to assist in one in completing every day functions as they build new skills.

What are the goals of cognitive rehabilitation?

The main goal of CRT is to improve independence and to maximize an individual’s ability to engage in life.

Our expert team

Several different types of healthcare professionals deliver CRT. At Brooks Rehabilitation, these include speech-language pathologists and occupational therapists with training and certification in cognitive rehabilitation.

Connect with us

Patients will need to obtain a referral from their physician prior to starting CRT services. Once a referral is obtained, an initial evaluation appointment will be scheduled.

Medical Reviewers

Sarah Lahey, PhD, ABPP-CN

Manager of Psychological Services
Dr. Lahey is the manager of psychological services at Brooks Rehabilitation and the primary training director for the Clinical Neuropsychology Postdoctoral Fellowship. She is a board-certified clinical neuropsychologist and uses a lifespan approach to assessment and intervention in both the inpatient and outpatient neurorehabilitation settings. She also serves as the neuropsychology consultant for the Jacksonville Jaguars. Dr. Lahey graduated from the University of Florida with her doctorate in clinical psychology. Her residency was completed at Kennedy Krieger Institute/Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and her fellowship in pediatric neuropsychology was completed at Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta/Emory University. Dr. Lahey holds leadership positions in several national organizations and is published in the area of pediatric rehabilitation. She is the Principal Investigator on a study investigating predictors of outcome and service utilization following mild TBI/concussion.

Laura Ziegler, MHS, CCC-SLP, CBIS

Speech-Language Pathologist & Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapist, Brooks Behavioral Medicine - Outpatient, Brain Injury Day Treatment Program
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